Sunday, February 5, 2023
GCP GKE Juara GCP

Managing a GKE Multi-tenant Cluster with Namespaces

cluster

“Managing a GKE Multi-tenant Cluster with Namespaces”

Pengantar

Saat mempertimbangkan solusi pengoptimalan biaya untuk setiap infrastruktur Google Cloud yang dibangun di sekitar cluster Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE), penting untuk memastikan bahwa Anda menggunakan resource yang ditagih secara efektif. Salah langkah umum adalah menetapkan rasio pengguna atau tim satu banding satu ke klaster, yang mengakibatkan proliferasi klaster.

Klaster multi-penyewa memungkinkan beberapa pengguna atau tim untuk berbagi satu klaster untuk beban kerja mereka sambil mempertahankan isolasi dan pembagian sumber daya yang adil. Ini dicapai dengan membuat ruang nama. Ruang nama memungkinkan beberapa cluster virtual ada di cluster fisik yang sama.

Praktikum

Task 1. Download required files

gsutil -m cp -r gs://spls/gsp766/gke-qwiklab ~
cd ~/gke-qwiklab

Task 2. View and create namespaces

gcloud config set compute/zone us-central1-a && gcloud container clusters get-credentials multi-tenant-cluster

Default namespaces

  • Cek namespace
kubectl get namespace
kubectl api-resources --namespaced=true
kubectl get services --namespace=kube-system

Creating new namespaces

  • Buat namespaces baru
kubectl create namespace team-a && \
kubectl create namespace team-b
kubectl run app-server --image=centos --namespace=team-a -- sleep infinity && \
kubectl run app-server --image=centos --namespace=team-b -- sleep infinity

kubectl get pods -A
  • Cek detail pod
kubectl describe pod app-server --namespace=team-a
  • Setitng spesific namespace
kubectl config set-context --current --namespace=team-a
kubectl describe pod app-server

Task 3. Access Control in namespaces

  • Setting IAM -> tambahkan Role View untuk Kubernetes Engine Cluster
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding ${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT} \
--member=serviceAccount:team-a-dev@${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}.iam.gserviceaccount.com  \
--role=roles/container.clusterViewer

Kubernetes RBAC

  • setup single rule via kubectl
kubectl create role pod-reader \
--resource=pods --verb=watch --verb=get --verb=list
  • ssetup multi rule dengan yaml
nano developer-role.yaml

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  namespace: team-a
  name: developer
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["pods", "services", "serviceaccounts"]
  verbs: ["update", "create", "delete", "get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups:["apps"]
  resources: ["deployments"]
  verbs: ["update", "create", "delete", "get", "watch", "list"]
  • Apply rule yaml
kubectl create -f developer-role.yaml
  • config binding
kubectl create rolebinding team-a-developers \
--role=developer --user=team-a-dev@${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}.iam.gserviceaccount.com

Test the rolebinding

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create /tmp/key.json --iam-account team-a-dev@${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}.iam.gserviceaccount.com
  • Aktive service account
gcloud auth activate-service-account  --key-file=/tmp/key.json
  • setup credensial untuk cluster
gcloud container clusters get-credentials multi-tenant-cluster --zone us-central1-a --project ${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}
  • cek pod
kubectl get pods --namespace=team-a
  • renew credensial
gcloud container clusters get-credentials multi-tenant-cluster --zone us-central1-a --project ${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}

Task 4. Resource quotas

  • Setting limit team-a -> pod : 2 , loadbalance : 1
kubectl create quota test-quota \
--hard=count/pods=2,count/services.loadbalancers=1 --namespace=team-a
  • Buat pod ke 2 untuk team-a
kubectl run app-server-2 --image=centos --namespace=team-a -- sleep infinity
  • Test buat pod ke 3
kubectl run app-server-3 --image=centos --namespace=team-a -- sleep infinity
Error from server (Forbidden): pods "app-server-3" is forbidden: exceeded quota: test-quota, requested: count/pods=1, used: count/pods=2, limited: count/pods=2
  • Cek resource detail
kubectl describe quota test-quota --namespace=team-a
  • Update test-quota supaya bisa 6 pod
export KUBE_EDITOR="nano"
kubectl edit quota test-quota --namespace=team-a

edit bagian

spec:
  hard:
    count/pods: "6"
kubectl describe quota test-quota --namespace=team-a

CPU and memory quotas

nano cpu-mem-quota.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ResourceQuota
metadata:
  name: cpu-mem-quota
  namespace: team-a
spec:
  hard:
    limits.cpu: "4"
    limits.memory: "12Gi"
    requests.cpu: "2"
    requests.memory: "8Gi"
  • apply config
kubectl create -f cpu-mem-quota.yaml
  • create demo app
nano cpu-mem-demo-pod.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: cpu-mem-demo
  namespace: team-a
spec:
  containers:
  - name: cpu-mem-demo-ctr
    image: nginx
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: "100m"
        memory: "128Mi"
      limits:
        cpu: "400m"
        memory: "512Mi"
  • Apply config
kubectl create -f cpu-mem-demo-pod.yaml --namespace=team-a
kubectl describe quota cpu-mem-quota --namespace=team-a

Task 5. Monitoring GKE and GKE usage metering

Baca Juga :  Cloud Source Repositories: Qwik Start

Monitoring Dashboard

  • Buka menu -> Operations > Monitoring
  • Pilih Dashboard
  • Pilih GKE
  • Klik View All
  • Pada ADD FILTER box pilih Namespaces > team-a
  • Klik Apply

Metrics Explorer

  • Pilih Metrics Explorer
  • Pada Resource & Metrics field , Pilih Kubernetes Container
  • Klik Kubernetes Container > Container
  • Pilih CPU usage time
  • Klik apply
  • untuk exclude kube-system namespace, clik Add a filter pada filter section
  • pilih namespace_name as a Label
  • Pilih != (does not equal)
  • Klik Done

GKE usage metering

gcloud container clusters \
update multi-tenant-cluster --zone us-central1-a \
--resource-usage-bigquery-dataset cluster_dataset

Create the GKE cost breakdown table

  • Setup path billing table
export GCP_BILLING_EXPORT_TABLE_FULL_PATH=${GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT}.billing_dataset.gcp_billing_export_v1_xxxx
export USAGE_METERING_DATASET_ID=cluster_dataset
export COST_BREAKDOWN_TABLE_ID=usage_metering_cost_breakdown
  • download template
export USAGE_METERING_QUERY_TEMPLATE=~/gke-qwiklab/usage_metering_query_template.sql
export USAGE_METERING_QUERY=cost_breakdown_query.sql
export USAGE_METERING_START_DATE=2020-10-26
  • generate template
sed \
-e "s/${fullGCPBillingExportTableID}/$GCP_BILLING_EXPORT_TABLE_FULL_PATH/" \
-e "s/${projectID}/$GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT/" \
-e "s/${datasetID}/$USAGE_METERING_DATASET_ID/" \
-e "s/${startDate}/$USAGE_METERING_START_DATE/" \
"$USAGE_METERING_QUERY_TEMPLATE" \
> "$USAGE_METERING_QUERY"
  • Setup cost breakdown
bq query \
--project_id=$GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT \
--use_legacy_sql=false \
--destination_table=$USAGE_METERING_DATASET_ID.$COST_BREAKDOWN_TABLE_ID \
--schedule='every 24 hours' \
--display_name="GKE Usage Metering Cost Breakdown Scheduled Query" \
--replace=true \
"$(cat $USAGE_METERING_QUERY)"

Create the data source in Data Studio

  • Buka https://datastudio.google.com/c/navigation/datasources
  • klik Create > Data Source -> add new data storage
  • Klik Continue
  • Pilih BigQuery
  • Klik Authorize
  • rename namanya
  • Dari Colom pertama pilih CUSTOM QUERY
  • pilih project id
 SELECT *  FROM `[PROJECT-ID].cluster_dataset.usage_metering_cost_breakdown`
  • Klik connect
  • Klik CREATE REPORT
  • Klik ADD TO REPORT

Create a Data Studio Report

Data Range Dimension: usage_start_time
Dimension: namespace
Metric: cost
  • Pada data panel click Add a Filter
  • Klik save
  • Click Add a Filter Lagi
  • Klik save
  • Klik kanan pada table yang sudah di buat -> klik Duplicate
  • Drag duplicate table object di manapun di area report
  • Klik Header
  • pilh pie chart
  • Hasilnya
  • Dari top toolbar click Add a chart dan pilih Donut untuk create donut chart
  • drag ke dalam report dan tambahkan konfigurasi berikut
Data Range Dimension: usage_start_time
Dimension: resource_name
Metric: cost
  • Klik Add a Filter , masukan 2 filter yg sebelumnya
  • Dari top toolbar click Add a control dan pilih Drop-down list.
  • drag ke donut chart , kemudian config
Data Range Dimension: usage_start_time
Control field: namespace
Metric: None
  • Klik add filter
  • pilih unallocated (namespace filter)
  • Klik kanan pilih group
  • Klik View
  • Dari share menu pilih Download report

Penutup

Sahabat Blog Learning & Doing demikianlah penjelasan mengenai Managing a GKE Multi-tenant Cluster with Namespaces. Semoga Bermanfaat . Sampai ketemu lagi di postingan berikut nya.

(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)

Similar Posts