Thursday, December 1, 2022
Linux Mint Samba

Cara Install Samba File Sharing Pada Linux Mint 20

samba

“Cara Install Samba File Sharing Pada Linux Mint 20”

Pengantar

Samba adalah implementasi open-source dari Server Message Block (SMB) dan protokol Common Internet File System (CIFS) yang menyediakan layanan file dan cetak antara klien di berbagai sistem operasi. Samba memungkinkan untuk berbagi file antara sistem operasi Linux dan Windows.

Cara Install Samba File Sharing Pada Linux Mint 20

  • Install Samba
sudo apt-get -y update
sudo apt-get -y install samba
  • Konfigurasi Samba
$ sudo mkdir -p /home/share
$ sudo chmod 777 /home/share

 sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

[global] 

# Configure correct UTP 
 unix charset = UTF-8 
# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will be part of 
  workgroup = WORKGROUP 
  server min protocol = NT1
  ntlm auth = yes
  #interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0 
  bind interfaces only = yes 

# Set share configuration at the end 
[Docs] 
  path = /home/share 
  writable = yes 
  guest ok = yes 
  guest only = yes 
  create mode = 0777 
  directory mode = 0777
  • Configurasi keamanan Samba
$ sudo chgrp sambashare /home/share
$ sudo useradd -M -d /home/share/user1 -s /usr/sbin/nologin -G sambashare user1
$ sudo mkdir /home/share/user1
$ sudo chown user1:sambashare /home/share/user1
$ sudo chmod 2770 /home/share/user1
$ sudo smbpasswd -a user1
$ sudo smbpasswd -e user1
$ sudo useradd -M -d /home/share/smbadmin -s /usr/sbin/nologin -G sambashare smbadmin
$ sudo mkdir /home/share/smbadmin
$ sudo smbpasswd -a smbadmin
$ sudo smbpasswd -e smbadmin
$ sudo chown smbadmin:sambashare /home/share/smbadmin
$ sudo chmod 2770 /home/share/smbadmin
  • Konfigurasi Samba
$ sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

[user1]
path = /home/share/user1
readonly = no
Browseable = no
force create mode = 0660
force directory mode = 2770
valid user = @user1 @sambashare
[smbadmin]
path = /home/share/smbadmin
readonly = no
Browseable = no
force create mode = 0660
force directory mode = 2770
valid user = @smbadmin @sambashare
  • Restart Service
$ sudo systemctl restart smbd nmbd
$ sudo ufw allow samba

Konfigurasi Samba Client

  • Install Samba Client
sudo apt-get install samba-client cifs-utils

$ smbclient //sambaserver-ip/share-dir -U sambauser
$ smbclient //192.168.100.77/user1 -U user1

$ sudo mkdir -p /mounts/shares
$ sudo mount -t cifs -o username=user1 //192.168.100.77/user1 ~/mounts/shares

$ sudo vim /etc/fstab
//192.168.100.77/user1  /mnt/shares cifs credentials=/.sambacreds 0 0

$ sudo vim /.sambacreds

username: user1
password: yourpassword
domain: WORKGROUP

$ sudo mkdir -p /mnt/shares 
$ sudo mount -a 
$ df -hT | grep cifs
//192.168.100.77/user1 cifs      20G  14G  6.3G  69% /mnt/shares

Penutup

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